Update via UnitedHealth Group:
The Florida Department of Health announced on Monday, Aug. 1, that more than a dozen cases of Zika infection in humans have been found in a one-square-mile area north of downtown Miami. These cases were likely transmitted locally from infected mosquitoes. These are the first cases of non-travel related transmission believed to have occurred in the continental U.S.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that pregnant women should avoid non-essential travel to the area with active Zika virus transmission identified by the Florida Department of Health.
“All the evidence we have seen indicates that this is mosquito-borne transmission that occurred several weeks ago in several blocks in Miami,” said Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H., director of the CDC. The CDC encourages everyone, especially pregnant women and women planning to become pregnant, to protect themselves from mosquito bites. Remember to use an insect repellent registered by the Environmental Protection Agency, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants, use or repair screens on windows and doors, use air conditioning when available, and remove standing water where mosquitoes can lay eggs.
Zika Fast Facts
Here’s what’s known about the Zika virus:
- It’s spread through a bite from a Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is found in many parts of the world
- It can be passed from a pregnant woman to her unborn child
- It can spread through sexual contact and blood transfusions
- Only 1 in 5 people infected become sick; most symptoms are mild
- Symptoms include fever, itchy rash and joint pain
- The incubation period is 2-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito
- No medication or vaccine exists to treat or prevent Zika
- Treatment includes rest, fluids, and medications like acetaminophen for fever and pain relief